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关于Integrity -- 如果你想做跨文化人才,你必须知道,必须做到!  

2013-10-09 20:58:33|  分类: 好文共赏之 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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海外公司招募人才,看重的第一位不是能力、经验,而是Integrity,金山词霸上查不到Integrity的正确含义,但是这个词是国外文化中非常看重的人的品格。

Integrity不是“正直”的意思,根据我的观察,中国人90%以上没有Integrity,我想是我们的观念和文化缺乏对Integrity的重视造成的,以下是来自维基网络的英文解释和我的个人中文注解(并不是对英文的翻译,但是可以和英文对照着看),供大家和参考:

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Integrity is a concept of consistency of actions, values, methods, measures, principles, expectations and outcomes. In ethics, integrity is regarded as the quality of having an intuitive sense of honesty and truthfulness in regard to the motivations for one's actions. Integrity can be regarded as the opposite of hypocrisy, in that it regards internal consistency as a virtue, and suggests that parties holding apparently conflicting values should account for the discrepancy or alter their beliefs.

一致性是Integrity的关键词,有Integrity者应该在人前人后言行一致,表现的价值观和原则性都是一致的。因此Integrity和诚实并不是一个意思,有些人不掩藏私心,让大家知道他们就是一贯比较自私的人,为了维护自己的利益可能会撒些小谎,这类真小人虽然不诚实,还算是拥有Integrity,大家对他的言行不会觉得意外 —— 而伪君子则是道貌岸然却是包藏着私欲让人提防和不能接受,所以真小人在西方是可以被接受,没有Integrity的伪君子则是被西方文化更厌恶和不能接受的。

从另一个角度而言,那些把自己动机掩藏起来的伪善者就是缺乏Integrity的人,比如那些其实看上了男人钱财、却装成很爱男人本身的女人;比如那些其实只看重工资高低的求职者,却宣称自己更看重的是工作的挑战和前途者;比如那些宣称自己为人民服务为第一,却其实不惜余力贪污腐败中饱私囊的官员们........

The word "integrity" stems from the Latin adjective integer (whole, complete). In this context, integrity is the inner sense of "wholeness" deriving from qualities such as honesty and consistency of character. As such, one may judge that others "have integrity" to the extent that one judges whether they behave according to the values, beliefs and principles they claim to hold.

Integrity的词根来自于拉丁文"完整",因此Integrity最近义的翻译可以是 —— 完整性

Integrity是一个人能够真正诚实的根基。中国的传统教育,不乏压抑人性的观念,让我们常常可以看到那些外表文明、内心肮脏的人,我们不承认、不面对自己的内心那些不可告人的秘密和欲念,没有自由的人性不得到释放,于是嫉妒、野性、仇恨、不自信的种子在人的内心发酵,所以要提防那些酒后乱性、钱权面前乱性者,被压抑住本能者即使表现的文质彬彬、知书达理,其实从来没有拥有过真实的美好内心,会在某天突然意外爆发,也可能造成对他人的极大危害。

A value system's abstraction depth and range of applicable interaction may also function as significant factors in identifying integrity due to their congruence or lack of congruence with empirical observation.Such a value system may evolve over time while retaining integrity if those who espouse the values account for and resolve inconsistencies.

拥有Integrity的人一定拥有深层次的价值观,他们的言行不会轻易因为外界的冲突丧失一致性。比如你的好同学和别人一起竞争一个保研名额,你发现他在竞争中作假,你会如何行动?如果你的价值观里从来没有考虑过对于作假的言行应该如何评判,你很可能会根据自己的利益做出反应:如果他是和你不相干的人竞争,你可能就当做不知道,如果他是和你非常要好的同学、甚至是你自己竞争,你可能就会去举报——这样的反应是没有Integrity的!而从价值观的角度,如果你坚信友情比利益重要,你就会选择不举报,哪怕失去机会也不会后悔,而你如果坚信正义比友情重要,你就一定会选择举报,哪怕受害者你都不认识、而你要失去一个很好的朋友,因为你不希望这种作弊行为得逞。

Testing of integrity

One can test a value system's integrity either subjectively, by a person's individual measures, or objectively, via various scientific methods or standardized mathematical procedures

Integrity in relation to value-systems

A personal or cultural value consists of an assumption from which one can extrapolate implementation or other values. On the other hand, a value system comprises a set of consistent ethical values and measures. Scientific methodology assumes that a system with perfect integrity yields a singular extrapolation (a hypothesis) that one can test against observed results.

在西方已经拥有检测Integrity的科学方法,事实证明,人拥有的价值观和其Integrity拥有非常大的关系。

Integrity in ethics

Ethical meanings of integrity used in medicine and law refer to a quality of "wholeness" that must be present in the human body and in the body of law, respectively. Such wholeness is defined by "sacred" axioms such as unity, consistency, purity, unspoiledness and uncorruptedness.

伦理可以看做是Integrity在医疗和法律领域的应用。在对待人的身体和法律体系方面,维持这种完整性被定义为“神圣性”公理,对人的要求包括了统一性、一致性、纯洁性、非滥用和非腐败性。比如那些曾经发誓要帮助病人救死扶伤的医务人员,在为了药费回扣来治疗开方,那即是丧失了伦理和Integrity的表现。

In discussions on behavior and morality, one view of the property of integrity sees it as the virtue of basing actions on an internally-consistent framework of principles. This scenario may emphasize depth of principles and adherence of each level of postulates or axioms to those it logically relies upon. One can describe a person as having ethical integrity to the extent that everything that that person does or believes: actions, methods, measures and principles — all of these derive from a single core group of values.

从行为和道德层面,Integrity会通过一个人的原则的结构体系表现。一个伦理方面有Integrity的人做每件事都会与其信仰一致,都是其价值观的体现。

One essential aspect of a consistent framework is its avoidance of any unwarranted (arbitrary) exceptions for a particular person or group — especially the person or group that holds the framework. In law, this principle of universal application requires that even those in positions of official power be subject to the same laws as pertain to their fellow citizens. In personal ethics, this principle requires that one should not act according to any rule that one would not wish to see universally followed. For example, one should not steal unless one would want to live in a world in which everyone was a thief. This was formally described by the philosopher Immanuel Kant in his categorical imperative.

一个能够拥有一致的原则理念的人一定会避免做那些与他拥有同样原则理念的人不愿意做的行为。比如一个人不应该偷窃,除非他愿意住在一个每个人都是小偷的世界里.......

In the context of accountability, integrity serves as a measure of willingness to adjust a value system to maintain or improve its consistency, when an expected result appears incongruent with observed outcome. Some regard integrity as a virtue in that they see accountability and moral responsibility as necessary tools for maintaining such consistency.

是否拥有Integrity可以决定一个人的可靠性。当一个人的言行让那些熟悉他的人意外,那么他是不可靠的人。有些人认为Integrity是美德,因为拥有Integrity的人会为了保持自己的言行一致性承担更多的责任,所以这些人是更可靠的。

In the context of value theory, integrity provides the expected causation from a base value to its extrapolated implementation or other values. A value system emerges as a set of values and measures that one can observe as consistent with expectations.

Some commentators stress the idea of integrity as personal honesty: acting according to one's beliefs and values at all times. Speaking about integrity can emphasize the "wholeness" or "intactness" of a moral stance or attitude. Some views of wholeness may also emphasize commitment and authenticity. Ayn Rand considered that

有些人认为拥有Integrity就是诚实的人,他们能够根据自己的信仰和价值观保持一致的言行,有的人更看重Integrity的完整性,他们遵守自己的内心承诺的人,看重其可靠性。很多就职学生会在应聘的时候虚假美化自己的资料,面试的时候粉饰自己的真实意图,就职的时候一旦发现职位不符合自己的内心预期就开始表现变差——这些学生其实是非常缺乏Integrity的,也是非常不可靠的,就算能力再强也不是人才。一旦让其同事、上司意外的言行出现时,大部分会从此调整对其看法,不再信任这类没有Integrity的人。

integrity "does not consist of loyalty to one's subjective whims, but of loyalty to rational principles".

Integrity不是由忠诚组成,但是一定会忠于那些理性的原则。从这点而言,大部分拥有Integrity者都是拥有较强大的理性和深思熟虑的价值观体系的,不会轻易被利益冲突乱了自己的心。

你是否拥有Integrity?

如果你想做跨文化人才,你必须知道和做到Integrity,在跨文化环境内,一个言行不能一致,人前人后不一致,见人说人话见鬼说鬼话的人,势必不能成为优秀的领导者和人才 —— 装可爱和天真不能真的给你带来良好的品行,利益面前的真实反应和表现,也才是了解你自己的开始.......

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上文摘自:
http://blog.renren.com/blog/245821975/501270674

大学的时候学过这个英文单词,但是一直没有深入的去理解过它的含义,看完这篇解读,觉得解释很到位,一个鲜活的含义跃然而出,同时也引出我不少思考。

记得大学毕业前,我和程老师聊天,她觉得我不是特别聪明的人,我很奇怪,就问她为什么,她说,聪明的人会去观察别人怎么做,而不是听别人怎么说;而我会认为怎么说就该怎么做。时隔多年,增添了不少人生经历后,我开始明白,原来小时候教育的诚实都是假的,中国人奉行的就是说一套做一套,以利益为导向见人说人话见鬼说鬼话的处事原则,国人不但这么做,也认可这样的原则。不仅社会运行的是这套,就连我们的大学老师也认可这样的规则,这就说明我们的价值观有问题。

人和人之间是这样,整个国家在世界舞台的表现也是如此,记得一位西方名人在评论中国的时候这样说,一个人可以因为成长等一直改变他的看法,但是却应该不会一直改变他内心的原则,而中国在国际舞台的表现让人难以理解,因为他不但改变他的看法,连原则也一直改变。

《高效人士七个习惯》中提到在长期的竞争中,人更为重要的不是技能,而是人的一些特质,包括integrity,包括诚实守信,包括正直。

我想这篇文章就很好的解释了integrity的含义。其实分析这么多,只是为了帮助更看清自己,很多时候,不是你不想提高,而是你根本不知道自己问题在哪里。
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